Origin of the names
Governor of Upper Egypt. He is the son of Ankh-Hor.
Abuse. Pyramids located between Giza and Saqqara
Ancient holy city dedicated to Osiris. Pilgrimage site. A well-preserved temple was built there by Pharaoh Seti I.
Daughter of Thutmose III, whose real name is Ahmes Meritamon.
Pharaoh, liberator and founder of the XVIIIth dynasty. He fought the Hyksos, invaders of Egypt.
Alexandria, city of Egypt founded in -331 by Alexander the Great. It became in Antiquity the first port of Egypt and the capital of the country. Its famous library founded its notoriety.
Twelfth brightest star in the celestial vault, one of the closest stars visible to the naked eye.
Nubian temple built by Thutmose III and Amenhotep II. Moved by Unesco in the 1960s to prevent it from being swallowed up by Lake Nasser. Without being dismantled, it slid on rails for a distance of 3.6 km.
Cross of life.
Goddess of the cataracts of the Nile river. She is the guardian of the island of Sehel and the sources of the Nile.
Tell-el-Amarna, capital of Pharaoh Akhenaten.
Daughter of Lysimachus, King of Thrace, she married Pharaoh Ptolemy II.
Asius, egyptian city located between Cairo and Luxor. Its ancient name "Siâout" means "the protected one". An ancient necropolis consisting of burial caves is located on the western hills of the city.
Star linked to the constellation of Virgo, also a great goddess of ancient Greece.
Atlas, is a triple star system in the Pleiades cluster. The name Atlas formally designates the primary star of this system.
In astronomy, Atria designates the traditional name of two stars located in the constellations of the Triangles.
Goddess of the house and the domestic cat represented by a cat.
According to Greek mythology, this constellation would represent Callisto, a beloved nymph of Zeus. When Hera, the wife of Zeus, discovered their relationship, she changed Callisto into Big Dipper and her son Arcas into Little Dipper.
It is the smallest dwarf planet in the solar system and the largest main-belt asteroid. It is named after the Roman goddess Ceres.
King of Napata, becomes Pharaoh of Egypt in the 8th century BC.
Challenger was an American space shuttle that carried out nine missions and which disintegrated during takeoff, causing the death of its seven occupants.
Cremona, asteroid discovered by Italian astronomer Luigi Carnera on May 11, 1902.
Temple located on the bank of the Nile, dedicated to Thoth. In 1961, it was moved by Unesco 50 km to the shores of Lake Nasser.
(Syn DERR). Small temple built under Ramses II. It was moved to the shores of Lake Nasser during the construction of the Aswan Dam.
Dendur, small Nubian temple built during the Roman period and now housed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
The town of Bouto was made up of two towns, Pé and Dep, which faced each other, separated by one of the arms of the Nile delta. These two twin cities were the home of Wadjet, goddess and protector of the red crown and the souls of Pé, who accompanied the pharaoh and the gods in their processions.
A town south of Luxor, a superb temple is dedicated to Horus.
The south of this island located on the Nile is facing the famous hotel “Old Cataract” in Aswan. A temple dedicated to Knoum was built there in the New Kingdom.
One of the nine muses. Patroness of lyrical and erotic poetry.
Former capital of the independent kingdom of Nobatie. This kingdom was located in the region located in the north of Sudan, a neighboring country to the south of Egypt.
The Fayoum is an oasis in the Libyan desert. It was one of the main granaries of the ancient world. His fields were watered by a canal coming from the Nile.
Star of the constellation of the Southern Cross, located 88 light years from the sun.
Another name for the constellation of Gemini whose main stars are Castor and Pollux.
Village located near the Theban mountain on the western bank of the Nile opposite the city of Luxor.
God of the Nile.
Egyptian name for the ibis bird.
In Hermopolis, Héhou represents spatial infinity with its feminine counterpart Héhout. He is represented by a frog or frog-headed man and snake or snake-headed woman.
Henoutmire is the fifteenth daughter of Pharaoh Ramses II. She is the third great royal wife of her father to whom she is married around the year 54 of the reign, at sixteen years old, when he was sixty.
Mythical character of Greco-Egyptian antiquity, to whom a set of texts and mystical-philosophical treatises have been attributed.
Hurghada is a 20th century city established on the shores of the Red Sea.
Feminine name in ancient Egypt.
Imât is the capital of the 19th nome of Lower Egypt, about twenty kilometers north of Fakous.
Having lived in the 3rd millennium BC, he was a man of many talents. Vizier and architect of King Djoser (Third Dynasty), he is also said to be a doctor and a philosopher.
Gas giant planet, the largest in the solar system and the fifth from the Sun. It owes its name to the Roman god Jupiter.
The Ka, for the ancient Egyptians, is one of the five inseparable elements composing the being during its lifetime: the spiritual double which is born at the same time as the human and which survives after death. The other elements are the Djet (the body), the Bâ, incorrectly translated by soul, Shout, the shadow, and the name, the Ren. After death, the Ka is considered the true representative of the human personality.
Temple of Nubia, dedicated to Mandoulis, Osiris and Isis.
He is the first pharaoh of the XVIth Dynasty, of which we know little. Ahmose succeeds him and will complete the reconquest of the Delta by expelling the Hittites.
The ancient site of Karanis, currently called Kôm Oushim, is located in the oasis of Fayoum.
Kary is an ancient Egyptian male given name literally meaning gardener.
City of Sudan, known for its temple dedicated to Amon-Rê.
Egyptian god of the night before the first dawn. He is represented by a man with the head of a frog.
Governor of the oasis of Dakhla, probably occupied since the IVth dynasty. Kentika held an important position there as the representative of royal power in the provinces.
Capital of the Nubian kingdom of the same name. His black pharaohs will reign over the Sudanese course of the Nile between -2450 and -1480.
Fourth ruler of the Third Dynasty of the Old Egyptian Empire (-2605 to -2599).
Khonsu, lunar god represented as a man with the head of a falcon.
City south of Luxor, a temple dedicated half to Sobek and half to Haroeris.
Lola is a female name of Spanish origin. Short for Dolores.
Nebula, also called "The Magellanic Clouds", it is located in the constellation of Sagittarius, 7000 light years from Earth.
Small temple where the birth of a child-god was celebrated.
God. He is mainly honoured at the temple of Kalabsha.
NASA space programme to send space probes to study Mars, Venus and Mercury.
Minister of Finance under Pharaoh Tutankhamun at Horemheb.
Mortuary temple of Ramses III on the western bank of the Nile (Luxor). Its full name is Medinet-Habu, temple of millions of years.
Great temple of Abu-Simbel dedicated to Horus and the power of Ramses II.
The Step Pyramid of Meidum is located at the entrance of the Fayum. It originally had seven steps, of which today only three floors are still visible. It was certainly built for King Huni, the last ruler of the third dynasty.
Religious city of antiquity where the god Banebjedet lived, represented in the form of a ram. The goddess Hatmehyt was also worshipped here. This city served as the capital during the XXIXth dynasty.
Menna was a nobleman, "scribe of the domains of the lord of the Two Lands of Upper and Lower Egypt" in Dynasty 18 during the reign of Thutmes IV or Amenhotep III. The tomb of Menna located in the Valley of the Nobles (Luxor) is known for its superb frescoes of scenes of daily life, depicted in bright colours.
Star. It is part of the Big Dipper.
Mercury, the closest planet to the Sun and the smallest in the solar system.
Mererouka, name borne by one of the viziers of Pharaoh Teti of the 6th Dynasty. His mastaba is located north of the Djoser burial complex.
Ancient city of Nubia, known for its necropolises with steep pyramids.
Merty (or Méret) is the "mistress of the throat" and protects the throat where the air passes that allows the emission of sounds. As such, she was the goddess of song and one of the singers of the god Amun.
Launched in 2004, the Messenger probe was the first spacecraft to orbit the planet Mercury on 18 March 2011.
Metropolis of the 7th nome of Upper Egypt.
Measurement symbol representing one millionth of a metre.
King Minos, son of Zeus and Europa, ruled Crete. He asked Daedalus to build the Labyrinth to enclose the Minotaur.
Mira, a fascinating variable star, moves at 130 kilometres per second, leaving behind a long tail of gas. It has been known for 400 years.
God of war and protector of weapons.
Tabernacle containing the statue of God or the "Holy of Holies".
Ancient city in Sudan, downstream from the fourth cataract of the Nile, from which the XXVth dynasty, called "Kushite", came and dominated all Egypt.
Pharaohs of the XXXth dynasty, 378 BC to 341 BC. Nectanebo II was the last pharaoh of this dynasty and an independent Egyptian ruler. Artaxerxes III, king of Persia, had invaded Egypt.
King of the second Thinite dynasty (2724 BC to 2719 BC).
Eighth and most distant planet of the solar system.
Queen, wife of Cheops. 4th dynasty.
(or Ningal), Babylonian goddess who means in Sumer "the great lady", wife of the moon-god.
(or Oukhykh), Egyptian deity.
In Greek mythology, Ouranos is a primordial deity who personifies Heaven and Life.
Divine name of Ramses II. It means "The Justice of Ra is powerful".
Mummiform statuette placed in the tomb by hundreds. It had to carry out the daily work and chores in the place of the deceased.
Famous craftsman of the New Kingdom. He set up his vault in the Valley of the Artisans. The walls are decorated with polychrome paintings that are very well preserved.
Asteroid that was discovered by Auguste Charcois on 19 August 1893.
Pandora is a natural satellite of Saturn discovered in 1980 in images taken by the Voyager 1 probe.
Paros is a Greek island in the Aegean Sea. It lies west of Naxos in the Cyclades archipelago.
Constellation of about thirty stars in the northern hemisphere, located south of Andromeda, northwest of Pisces and north of Aquarius. It is the seventh largest constellation in the sky.
Pharaoh of the 6th dynasty (Old Kingdom). His tomb is located at Saqqara.
The tomb of Perneb, partially in ruins, from Saqqara, was acquired in 1913 by the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.
The Polar Star or Polaris is located almost directly above the North Pole.
Probably a region in Ethiopia where the Egyptians bought wood, myrrh, gold and other precious products.
Vizier of Amenothep III and IV. The walls of his tomb in the Valley of the Nobles are covered with uncoloured reliefs of rare beauty.
Star located in the shoulder of the constellation Sagittarius.
Samos is a Greek island in the eastern Aegean Sea near Turkey. It is the home of Aesop and Pythagoras.
Star of the constellation Scorpio.
Goddess associated with the Nile and its cataracts. Her name means "she who spreads" and her function is to spread the waters that her husband Khnum has brought forth.
Goddess of mathematics, knowledge and writing.
Island on the Nile south of Aswan, granite quarry.
Former mayor of Thebes under Amenhotep II. The ceiling of his tomb (Valley of the Nobles) is decorated with vines and grapes.
Seti I is a pharaoh of Egypt of the XIXth dynasty, who reigned from 1294 BC to 1279 BC. He was the father of Ramses II.
The pyramid of Sinki is located about seven kilometres from Abydos. Remains of the ramps used in its construction have been found there.
The main star in the constellation of the Great Dog. Seen from Earth, it is the brightest star in the sky after the Sun.
Crocodile God. Protector of Men.
God of the Necropolis. Represented as a mummy with a falcon's head.
Russian space vehicle used, since 1960, to place Russian cosmonauts in orbit.
Speos are temples dug into the rock. The most beautiful examples of speos in ancient Egypt are those at Abu Simbel.
Ancient Egyptian male first name.
Goddess of Egyptian mythology, part of the great Ennead of Heliopolis.
Africa. A colloquial name for an elephant.
Pharaoh who reigned from 362 BC to 360 BC. He had to face the threat of invasion from the Persians.
Pharaoh of the 6th dynasty, he built his pyramid at Saqquarah.
Capital of Ancient Egypt during the Thinite period (-3100 to -2700). Its location is unknown but it is probably located north of Abydos.
Lunar god with the head of an Ibis
Goddess with a body that is half hippopotamus, half crocodile with lion's paws. She protected all women during childbirth.
Tourah is located in Egypt, south of Cairo and on the eastern bank of the Nile. This place is particularly famous for the underground quarries that provided the pharaohs with the fine limestone for their tombs.
Viceroy of Nubia during the reign of Thutmose I.
Noble woman of the 18th Egyptian dynasty, wife of Youya. She is the mother of the great royal wife Tiyi, wife of Amenhotep, son of Hapu.
Trianon was a small village near Versailles, which disappeared in 1668 to become part of the park of Versailles and on whose territory the Grand and Petit Trianon were built.
The brightest star in the constellation Lyra. Seen from Earth, it is the fifth brightest star in the sky.
Star in the constellation Jonah's Whale. One of the brightest stars has a strange name: Rotanev (Venator in reverse).
The brightest asteroid. It is the second largest in the asteroid belt after Ceres.
Virginia, feminine name that embodies generosity.
Jebel Zabarah, or Mount of the Emeralds, this site in Upper Egypt is a mountain range located not far from the Red Sea and was exploited for its emerald mines from the time of Sesostris.
Small village part of an oasis located in the Lybian desert but close to the Nile valley.
Star located in the constellation of the Whale, also called Baten Kaitos.
Star located in the constellation of Eridan.